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Wednesday, October 5, 2011

COMMON SOURCE FET AMPLIFIER Electronic devices and circuits lab manual


COMMON SOURCE FET AMPLIFIER

AIM: 1. To obtain the frequency response of the common source FET      
              Amplifier
          2. To find the Bandwidth.
APPRATUS:
N-channel FET (BFW11)
Resistors (6.8KΩ, 1MΩ, 1.5KΩ)
Capacitors (0.1µF, 47µF)
Regulated power Supply (0-30V)
Function generator
CRO
CRO probes
Bread board
Connecting wires

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:
   

THEORY:                   
                  A field-effect transistor (FET) is a type of transistor commonly used for weak-signal amplification (for example, for amplifying wireless (signals). The device can amplify analog or digital signals. It can also switch DC or function as an oscillator. In the FET, current flows along a semiconductor path called the channel. At one end of the channel, there is an electrode called the source. At the other end of the channel, there is an electrode called the drain. The physical diameter of the channel is fixed, but its effective electrical diameter can be varied by the application of a voltage to a control electrode called the gate. Field-effect transistors exist in two major classifications. These are known as the junction FET (JFET) and the metal-oxide- semiconductor FET (MOSFET). The junction FET has a channel consisting of N-type semiconductor (N-channel) or P-type semiconductor (P-channel) material; the gate is made of the opposite semiconductor type. In P-type material, electric charges are carried mainly in the form of electron deficiencies called holes. In N-type material, the charge carriers are primarily electrons. In a JFET, the junction is the boundary between the channel and the gate. Normally, this P-N junction is reverse-biased (a DC voltage is applied to it) so that no current flows between the channel and the gate. However, under some conditions there is a small current through the junction during part of the input signal cycle. The FET has some advantages and some disadvantages relative to the bipolar transistor. Field-effect transistors are preferred for weak-signal work, for example in wireless, communications and broadcast receivers. They are also preferred in circuits and systems requiring high impedance. The FET is not, in general, used for high-power amplification, such as is required in large wireless communications and broadcast transmitters.
Field-effect transistors are fabricated onto silicon integrated circuit (IC) chips. A single IC can contain many thousands of FETs, along with other components such as resistors, capacitors, and diodes.
PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
2. A signal of 1 KHz frequency and 50mV peak-to-peak is applied at the
    Input of amplifier.
3. Output is taken at drain and gain is calculated by using the expression,
                                       Av=V0/Vi

4. Voltage gain in dB is calculated by using the expression,
                                Av=20log 10(V0/Vi)
5. Repeat the above steps for various input voltages.
6. Plot Av vs.  Frequency
   

 7. The Bandwidth of the amplifier is calculated from the graph using the  
         Expression,
                                Bandwidth BW=f2-f1
                             Where f1 is lower 3 dB frequency
                                              f2 is upper 3 dB frequency

OBSERVATIONS:

S.NO
INPUT
VOLTAGE(Vi)
  OUTPUT
VOLTAGE(V0)             

VOLTAGE GAIN
Av= (V0/Vi)








MODEL GRAPH:


PRECAUTIONS:

1. All the connections should be tight.
2. Transistor terminals must be identified properly
.
RESULT: The frequency response of the common source FET      
              Amplifier and Bandwidth is obtained.

1 comments:

Tittu Thomas said...

you have done a great job.....

Thank you....keep going....

circuit

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